Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) occurs when the pelvic floor muscles and ligaments are stretched and weakened and are unable to support the uterus (womb), the bladder or bowel which can bulge against the vaginal walls. Weakness can occur from pregnancy and childbirth, constipation and straining, frequent heavy lifting, obesity or through the ageing process. It is frequently described as a dragging sensation or pressure within the vagina, a feeling of a bulge or something coming down and can be associated with lower back pain/discomfort, bladder problems and difficulty emptying the bowel.

Physiotherapy is able to treat mild to moderate prolapse with specifically tailored pelvic floor exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. A stronger pelvic floor will provide improved support to the pelvic organs and can help to alleviate the associated symptoms.